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Croatia - Dubrovnik

If there was more than one Dubrovnik, only one would be real one. This authentic, unique, Dubrovnik made of rock and light. This opened palm below stars, offered to the world. Unique theatre, where past and future play same roles, and where they have same meanings, their own creative measure.

Jure Kaštelan

It is a medieval city on the Croatian side of the Adriatic coastline and a treasure - trove of cultural - historical monuments that were created thro- ughout its thousand-year existence. In the past, it was a City-Republic, and alongside Venice one of the most famous cultural-economic centers on the Mediterranean. In more recent times, it has become the center of modern cultural and tourist events: a city of summer festivals – an international parade of top musical and theatrical achievements, a city of museums and galleries. These values have turned Dubrovnik into a place that offers a rich selection of various experiences and excitement.

The words «Non bene pro toto libe- rtas venditur auro» - «Freedom is not to be sold, not for all the gold of the world» were inscribed long ago during the times of the Dubrovnik Republic ...The legal status of the Dubrovnik Republic was completely achieved by the 15th century. This meant the independent election of a rector and councilors, the minting of currency, a state flag with an image of St. Blaise, independent legislature, and the right to establish consulates abroad. According to the aristocratic constitution, the state authority was based on the Great Council, which was made up of Dubrovnik aristocratic families. They, in turn, appointed the members of the Senate and the Small Council, which was the executive body of the Great Council. The Rector was appointed on a monthly basis as a nominal symbol of authority.

Material prosperity, and the feeling of security and freedom, helped shape a humanist culture that fu- rther inspired ardent creativity. Du- brovnik reached magnificent levels of achievement in its urban and architectural development that has been maintained to the present day, in its literature and poetry (Marin Držić, Ivan Gundulić), sciences (Ru- đer Bošković), and in many other fields of art and culture. In the 17th ce- ntury, the general crisis in Mediterranean maritime affairs also affected Dubrovnik maritime trade. The catastrophic earthquake of 1667 brought the Dubrovnik Republic into a critical period, where it fought for its survival and political independence. The 18th century gave Dubrovnik an oppo- rtunity for the economic revival of maritime trade under a neutral flag. This was the state of affairs when Napoleon dissolved the Dubrovnik Republic in 1808. At the Vienna Congress in 1815, the Dubrovnik region was joined to the other parts of Dalmatia and Croatia. Since then, they have shared a common political fate.

The walls of Dubrovnik girdle a pe- rfectly preserved complex of public and private, sacral and secular bui- ldings representing all periods of the City's history, beginning with its founding in the 7th century. Since 1979 Dubrovnik is in the register of UNESCO as a protected World he- ritage. Particular mention should be made of the city's main street in the old historical center - Stradun, Rector's Palace, St. Blaise’s Church, Cathedral, three large monasteries, Custom's Office and the City Hall. Each corner of the city is a unique experience that makes all occasions special. What to see, experience, taste...

The internationally famous French oceanographer Jacques Cousteau once commented that Adriatic’s sea was “the cleanest sea in the world”, that the sea around Dubrovnik co- ntained one of the most beautiful underwater worlds he had ever seen in all the years of his expe- ditions, while Irish playwright and Nobel Prize winner George Bernard Shaw proclaimed: “Those who wish to see heaven on earth should come to Dubrovnik.

There are a huge number of stories connected with Dubrovnik. The city walls, palaces, streets and roofs tell stories of the immensely rich history of Dubrovnik, and each chance traveler discovers his own story in the stone, sea, Stradun and Porporela. This excursion is intended for those who wish to learn more about the rich history, tradition, customs and legends…

The purpose of all this is to persuade you to visit Dubrovnik and experience your own, special and still untold story.

 

Dubrovnik - Map of the old town

 

Dubrovnik - City map